A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other part of the body extends through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally holds it. It is most common in the abdominal cavity between the hips and chest. Hernias are not usually life threatening, but can require surgery to prevent dangerous complications.
Of all the different hernias out there, 3 are especially common and are most likely to develop in men.
What Causes a Hernia?
Many think hernias are caused by lifting weights, when actually the majority or hernias occur due to muscle weakness around the abdomen when the cavity wall is weak. Common reasons for the development of a hernia are coughing (especially due to smoking), exercise, straining during bowel movements, and sometimes sex. The particular naming of a hernia refers to its location in the body.
70% of male hernias are inguinal. For this kind of hernia to occur, a part of the intestine must protrude into a weakened point in the abdominal wall. Inguinal refers to the name of the canal where the testes descend before birth, which contains the sperm cord and blood vessels. In this case the intestines protrude into the canal and the scrotum.
The classic bulge from a hernia can come and go depending on any stress put on the area, whether someone is lying down or standing, or it can become a permanent lump. This is known as an incarcerated hernia and it requires immediate treatment or surgery.
An incisional hernia usually develops after abdominal surgery, and occurs at the site of the scar tissue and incision. Although it is not as common as an inguinal hernia, it is significant because it always requires surgery. Hernia repair surgery is necessary in order to prevent the intestines from pushing through the abdominal wall again later on.
This type of hernia is caused by a defect in the area of the naval from birth. Most times in men it does not show up until later in life when accompanied with weight gain. An umbilical hernia causes a soft bulge near the naval and can become tender and painful as an adult.
Symptoms of a Hernia
Everyone should be aware of the common symptoms of a hernia. They include the following:
- Pain or discomfort at the site of the bulge
- Pain while lifting a heavy object
- Swelling or bulge
- Increase in the bulge as time passes
- Dull aching sensation
- Sense of feeling full or a bowel obstruction
Contact Michigan Hernia Surgery at (248) 551-9090 if you think you may be suffering from a hernia so that you can receive proper treatment before your condition gets worse.
https://www.healthline.com/health/hernia https://www.verywellhealth.com/types-of-hernia-in-men-2328480 https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/umbilical-hernia/symptoms-causes/syc-20378685